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The Basics of Roofing

The primary function of your roof is to shield your home from snow, rain, and other weather elements. But it’s also an architectural element that can add a lot to the look of your house.

Before you hire 5R Roofing for repairs or a full roof replacement, it’s important to understand the basics of roofing. Learn about rafters, sheathing, and more.

roofing

Rafters are the primary structure of a roof, providing a sturdy frame to support the attic and the roof deck and shingles above. They can be built on-site or prefabricated in a factory, depending on the type of roof and its specifications. Whether a homeowner is building a new house or working on a renovation project, it’s important to understand the basics of roofing to discuss plans with a professional contractor and get the best possible outcome.

Rafters can be built by hand on a site using stick framing or prefabricated and delivered to the construction site, where they’re craned into place. Typically, rafters are made from lumber, such as 2x10s. They’re fastened to a ridge board at the roof’s peak and ceiling joists and then connected to the exterior walls.

A ridge vent is often installed along the roof ridge to allow warm air to escape and prevent ice dams. Attic insulation also helps reduce heat transfer between rafters and the attic space. Finally, a drip edge protects the edges of the eaves from water damage.

The next layer of the roof is called the sheathing, which is usually plywood or oriented strand board (OSB). It provides an even surface for placing the shingles and other materials on top. A protective membrane known as the black roofer’s felt or a synthetic underlayment is also sometimes attached to sheathing for additional protection.

The rafters and sheathing provide the basis of the roof, but it’s essential to add extra structures to ensure enough space for attic insulation and other items, such as baffles. These channels enable airflow from soffit vents to the attic, where it can escape and prevent condensation and mold. In addition, attic ventilation can help reduce the temperature in the attic and lower utility bills. In addition, it’s a good idea to install an insulated ceiling over the loft.

Roof sheathing is what creates the base for your roof system. It consists of large rectangular boards that lay across your home’s rafters and secure to them using nails or screws. It serves as the structure for your roof and helps ensure that the shingles you choose can support your home’s roof covering.

Plywood or oriented strand board (abbreviated OSB) is typically used as sheathing. These wood materials are strong and durable, with high dimensional stability and resistance to warping or splitting. However, they are more susceptible to moisture damage than other sheathing materials. That is why it’s important to prioritize proper installation techniques and use good construction practices when installing sheathing.

The sheathing helps distribute the weight of the shingles evenly across your roof. That helps prevent sagging or bowing of your roof’s trusses and rafters, which can lead to structural issues and damage to the rest of your house. The sheathing also helps ensure that your roof can support the asphalt shingles you’ll install.

In addition to providing structural support, sheathing can help insulate your home. It can help reduce heat transfer, which can lower your energy costs. There are several types of sheathing, including fiberglass, wood, and foam insulation. The kind you’ll use depends on the climate in your area and your budget.

While many people may overlook the role of sheathing, it plays a crucial role in the integrity and performance of your roof. When choosing the right sheathing material and prioritizing proper installation and maintenance, you can build a strong shelter that will protect your home for years. I have seen way too many homeowners dive into the roof replacement process without knowledge of roofing basics, leading to them being taken advantage of or making bad purchasing decisions based on bad advice. Don’t let that happen to you! Learn the nine main parts of your roof to understand and make informed decisions.

A shingle is a flat rectangular roofing material laid in a specific pattern. Its role is to provide protection from the elements and help to keep your home cool and dry. Shingles, made of asphalt, wood, clay, or slate, protect the roof deck from water, snow, and sun damage. The shingles themselves can also add a decorative element to the look of your home. Shingles are available in various colors, shapes, and sizes and are usually attached to the roof in overlapping courses.

The basic shingles used on most homes are 3-tab asphalt shingles. These shingles have cut-outs in them that create three individual tabs. That is the most common type of shingle and offers good water resistance. However, if you want your roof to have more of a decorative or architectural appearance, consider going with a premium/designer shingle. These offer a high-end aesthetic with additional performance characteristics like impact resistance.

Regardless of the kind of shingle you choose, the first course of shingles is called the starter course. These shingles are only half as wide as regular shingles and keep rain from running between the gaps where the rest are installed. A ridge cap, board, piece, or roll is then installed to cover the top of the roof, typically covered with a ridge vent.

Synthetic underlayment is applied to the roof deck to prevent water from seeping under the shingles and damaging the sheathing. This is often installed by nailing it into the rafters or sheathing with a special nail gun designed for use with synthetic underlayment.

Before a shingle is installed, it is typically treated with sealant to protect against moisture and to increase its longevity. This sealant may be a rubber-like substance such as mastic or an adhesive such as polyurethane or silicone. The treatment can also include a fire retardant, which is helpful in some areas where the roof may be exposed to wildfires.

The gutters on your roof are another important part of the roofing system. If they are full of debris or have clogged up, it can cause water to back up under the shingles and cause leaks and other problems. Regularly clean your gutters and remove branches or other items hanging over the roof edge.

The role of flashing is to prevent water from seeping into walls, roofs, and other structures. Generally, this is accomplished by creating a barrier that stops moisture from entering through joints and penetrations in the structure’s exterior. In roofing construction, flashing is used to waterproof areas around vents, chimneys, skylights, dormer windows, and roof valleys. It’s also used where the roof meets other surfaces, expansion joints, and corners.

Roof flashing is a strip of metal or lead (though other materials are used) bent into shape to fit over a joint or penetration in a roof. It’s installed under the shingles to create a tight seal. Without proper flashing, water would leak into these areas, causing structural damage and potential health issues in the home.

There are several different types of flashing, each designed for specific locations on the roof. For example, step flashing is used where a dormer projects from the top and meets a wall. Water could easily slip past the shingles and into the building without this flashing. With step flashing, however, the water is deflected away from the wall and into gutters.

Other types of flashing include pipe flashing, which is used where pipes enter the roof or wall. This one-piece collar fits around the pipe’s diameter and is sometimes made of rubber or silicone for easier expansion and contraction. Valley flashing is used where two roof slopes meet, which can be hidden under shingles or exposed, as shown here. Wall flashing is another flashing often used above doors and windows, and it’s a metal liner that runs along the edge of a wall to provide extra waterproofing.

Flashing is an important part of the roof and should be inspected regularly. If there is any corrosion or damage, it should be repaired immediately. Otherwise, it’s a great way to help keep your roof in good condition.

What Is Roofing?

The roof is the top covering of a building, protecting it against rain, snow, sunlight, wind, and extremes of temperature. Roofs are constructed in a wide variety of forms.Roofing

Metal shingles and sheets are popular with builders on a budget because they can be relatively inexpensive. For example, stainless steel and galvanized aluminum have great durability and can defy corrosion in most environments.

The slope of your roof plays a key role in its overall performance. It determines how well rain, snow, and other weather elements are shed from the roof surface, as well as its strength and how much heat it can absorb. It also affects how expensive it is to install and maintain a roof.

The most important factor to consider is the roof’s slope, measured as a rise-over-run ratio. It’s often expressed as a fraction, such as 3/12 or 4 in 12, but it can also be measured in degrees. The higher the slope, the better the roof will perform.

Slope is usually measured at the eave, or edge of the roof. Most contractors use a roof pitch calculator to calculate the exact slope of your roof. This is a quick and easy way to get accurate results.

When it comes to home construction and remodeling, the terms slope and pitch are often used interchangeably, even though they are actually two different measurements. Slope is a measurement of the incline of the roof, while pitch is a measure of the distance over the span that the roof rises in one foot.

A roof’s slope dictates the materials it can be made from and how it should be installed. For instance, roofs with low slopes (below a 3:12 ratio) can only be covered by flat roofing or other built-up systems that don’t require exposed nails. Conventional or steep roofs, on the other hand, can be covered by shingles, tiles, and wood shakes.

The roof’s slope can also influence the architectural style of a building. For example, a steeper roof will lend a more traditional look while a shallow slope can provide a more modern feel.

In addition, the slope of a roof can affect the amount of energy it consumes. For example, a roof with a shallow slope will allow more heat to enter the home, while a steeper roof will help reduce energy costs.

Materials

Choosing the ideal roofing materials is an important step in your home’s construction, and there are a wide variety of options to choose from. The type of roof material you choose can have a significant impact on the performance and longevity of your roof. There are a number of different factors to consider when choosing the best roofing materials, including your budget and the climate in your area.

Asphalt shingles are one of the most popular types of residential roofing. They are available in a variety of colors and styles, and they can be customized to suit your aesthetic preferences. They are also fairly affordable and provide good weatherproofing. However, they do not offer the same insulating benefits as other roofing materials, and they may not be as effective in high heat.

Wood shingles and shakes are another popular roofing option. They are crafted from natural wood, such as pine, cedar, cypress and redwood, and they can add a rustic appeal to your house. Shingles are thin slabs of wood that are milled to a uniform size and shape, while shakes are thicker wedge-shaped pieces that have a more natural look. Both are durable in dry climates, but they will deteriorate more quickly in wet weather conditions.

Metal roofs are another durable roofing option. They can last for 50 years or more, and they can withstand severe weather conditions, including hail and winds. Metal roofs are expensive, though, and they can add a lot of weight to your home.

Slate tiles are a luxurious roofing choice that can add a great deal of value to your home. They are incredibly durable and long-lasting, and they come in a variety of colors and textures to match any style of house.

Concrete and clay tile are more affordable options than slate, but they don’t last as long as other roofing materials. They are able to withstand extreme temperatures, however, and they are resistant to moisture.

Other roofing materials include green roofing, solar shingles and thermoplastic membranes. These can all help reduce your home’s energy consumption, but they do not offer the durability and insulating properties of other roofing materials.

Installation

The roof is the outer covering of a house or building that protects it against rain, snow, sunlight, and wind. Roofing involves the design, materials selection, and construction of this structure to ensure its functionality, durability, and aesthetic appearance. The roof can be constructed in a variety of forms, including flat or pitched surfaces, vaulted and domed structures, or in combinations as dictated by technical or economic considerations.

The roofing material is one of the most important factors that affects the installation process and ultimately, the performance of the roof. The choice of material can increase or decrease the project timeline. The type of roofing also influences the overall cost of the project. The roofing industry is highly competitive and each contractor has a unique pricing model. A client should make sure to compare quotes from different contractors before making a decision.

Weather is another factor that can influence the project timeline. It is best to install a new roof in dry seasons to prevent unforeseen delays due to rain or snow. In addition, the contractor must be prepared for hot or cold temperatures. If the temperature is too cold, it may be difficult for the workers to stay comfortable, and if it’s too hot, they’ll need more breaks to avoid heat exhaustion.

Storage of the materials is an important factor as well. It is important to store the roofing materials in a climate-controlled environment and according to manufacturer guidelines. This can save time and frustration later on in the project if the materials are damaged by extreme weather conditions or improper storage. The roofing materials can be subject to shrinkage, which can cause cracks or wrinkles and reduce the effectiveness of the roof.

Maintenance

The roofing system is only as good as the maintenance that it receives. A preventative maintenance program can help maximize the performance of a roof and extend the life of its components.

Regular inspections identify conditions that could adversely affect the performance of the roof components and lead to damage to building structures and contents from water or moisture infiltration. Detecting and repairing these defects can prevent premature problems that can reduce the service life of the roof and increase the cost of maintenance.

Housekeeping surveys, involving sweeping debris from the roof surface, should be conducted on most areas of the roof at least monthly. This helps to keep drainage devices clear and prevent localized ponding that may cause premature roof damage.

It is a good practice to inspect roof areas around chimneys and vent pipes on a regular basis and replace the flashing that seals these openings to keep out water. A professional roofer should be consulted to perform this type of repair.

Infiltration of moisture can damage roofing materials, fasteners and decking as well as interior finishes, furnishings, inventory, office equipment and electrical/mechanical systems. Moisture also creates a breeding ground for biological growth such as mildew and mold, which can seriously damage the building structure.

Water infiltration from a roof can cause damage to the structural members of a building, which can result in the collapse of parts of the building. It can also destroy drywall and ceilings and contribute to the corrosion of electrical and mechanical systems. It can also contribute to poor air quality in the building, as it can promote deterioration of insulation and wood framing as well as corrode metal.

Roof Repair – What You Need to Know

Roof repair is an important but often unpleasant task. Nobody wants to be climbing up and down a ladder in the middle of a storm, but that’s what you might have to do if your roof is damaged.Roof Repair

Getting your roof repaired quickly is essential to avoiding major problems later. This is especially true if you have a leak around a chimney or a roof vent. For professional help, contact A. Parker Contracting now!

A broken shingle is not only unsightly, it’s also a roof leak waiting to happen. But repair is relatively easy and inexpensive if you can find matching replacement shingles. Just make sure you’re not afraid of heights and that the weather is moderate (too cold, and the shingles may crack, too hot, and they will crumble). You’ll need a flat pry bar, asphalt roofing cement, and replacement shingles.

First, get up into the attic or crawl space and look around for a good view of the damaged area. Then take some high-resolution pictures — you will need them for the next step.

When you’re back at home, open the photos in a slideshow and zoom in to see any other damage or potential leak areas. You’ll want to compare the photos with your roof plan so you can understand where you are and what needs to be done.

Loose shingles are not always easy to spot, and sometimes you will need to inspect the whole roof to be sure there isn’t something else lurking that you’re missing. A thorough inspection will be worth the time, as it will help you determine if a few small repairs are all your roof needs or whether it’s in need of a complete reroof.

Once you know what the problem is, climb up onto the roof (use a harness for safety) and locate the broken shingle. Start by loosening the tabs around it by sliding a flat pry bar underneath the shingle, then gently prying up each adjacent shingle until you can pull out the old one. Be careful not to break or tear the shingles below, and don’t remove any of the nails that are holding it in place, since those need to remain in place until you can replace them.

Before you put in the new shingle, cut away any loose or brittle roof cement under it with a utility knife and scrape the opening clean. Once the gap is clear, slide the new shingle into place, aligning its front edge with the surrounding shingles and the back edge under the shingles in the row above it. Secure the shingle with a nail in each of the four nails at the base, using galvanized roofing nails so they can stand up to rain and sun exposure.

Filling Holes

In many cases, it will be necessary to get up on the roof in order to patch holes or leaks. This can be dangerous, so you should always use a ladder that is completely secure. It is also a good idea to have another person present when you climb on the roof. They can help you spot any areas of moisture or damage, and also help you if you are not sure what to look for.

The best way to patch a hole in your roof is to remove the old roofing sheet and replace it. This will give you a more durable and long-lasting solution than a sealant, which may need to be renewed from time to time. However, there are some situations when removing the roofing will not be possible.

One example is when a shingle gets pulled up and leaves a nail hole. In this case, a roofer will have to break the seal on the shingle, lift it up, remove the nail, and then reseal the shingle. They will also have to check the surrounding shingles and make sure they are still in place.

Another type of hole that can be filled is when a squirrel or other animal creates a gap in the roof. This is a serious problem and should be dealt with immediately. If animals are allowed to enter a home, they can cause damage to insulation and other areas of the home. They may also carry ticks, fleas, and other parasites into the home.

If you discover a hole in the roof, it is important to call a wildlife removal service. The company can help to safely trap and humanely release the animals. You should also consider calling a pest control company to spray for bugs and other insects. If they are allowed to remain in your house, they will continue to damage the insulation and other parts of the home.

Inspect the interior of your home for any signs of water stains or mold. It is also a good idea to check for damage around chimneys, vents, and other penetrations. If you are able to access the attic, look for damaged shingles, rust on metal flashing, or any other signs of moisture or wear.

Flashing Replacement

The metal flashing in a roof is an important part of the structure, as it protects areas where the roofing meets walls, valleys, and obstructions like chimneys, dormers, and vent pipes. Flashing is generally made of a durable metal, such as aluminum or stainless steel, although copper is also sometimes used for decorative reasons. While roof flashing is more resilient than shingles and other elements of the roofing system, it can still suffer damage over time. Having your flashing inspected on a regular basis is the best way to keep it from becoming damaged.

If you do notice signs of flashing damage, such as small holes or corroded spots, it’s essential to take care of these problems right away. If left unattended, these small leaks can lead to larger water damage issues throughout the home. A roofing contractor will be able to repair or replace the flashing in these areas as needed, and make sure it’s properly fitted and secured to the roof.

Roof flashing is usually installed in multiple pieces to cover the various areas of a roof where it meets walls or other structures. Typically, you’ll have step flashing to protect the area where the roof face meets a wall, along with counter flashing and apron flashing. Each piece of flashing is built to protect specific points of water intrusion and ensure a comprehensive waterproof solution.

To install new flashing, you’ll first need to remove the shingles around the area that needs work. This is a labor-intensive task that should be done by a professional for the safest and most effective results. After the old flashing is removed, you can use caulking designed for roofing to seal in the new flashing.

If you’re replacing flashing at a pipe penetration, it’s important to chamfer the open end of the pipe and clean off any dirt or debris. Then you can slide the new flashing over the chamfered edge, and then nail it into place with roofing nails. When you’re doing this, be careful not to yank the flashing out of the mortar joint; you may need to gently loosen or pull up the mortar and then reinstall it.

Underlayment Replacement

Many homeowners think they can simply repair a damaged roof and save the expense of replacement. While this can sometimes be a viable option, it’s not always possible. Sometimes the damage is so extensive that a full roof replacement is the only way to protect your home. In such cases, you’ll need to replace the entire underlayment on your roof, as well as the tiles.

Underlayment is the layer of water resistant material that sits beneath your roof deck and shingles or other roof covering. It helps channel water off the roof and into the gutters, protecting your home from moisture and mold problems. It also helps keep your shingles or other roofing materials from becoming brittle or torn off by wind-driven rain.

The underlayment is installed before the primary roof-covering material is put down on the roof. Depending on the slope of the roof and the climate, there are several types of underlayment to choose from. These include felt, synthetic materials and rubberized asphalt. Felt is the traditional underlayment used in older homes. It is not waterproof, but it is water-resistant and provides a more affordable option for low-budget projects. It must be used above a properly ventilated attic space, and staples should not be used on this type of underlayment. It also doesn’t last as long as other types of underlayment, such as rubberized asphalt or synthetic materials.

Synthetic underlayments are newer and offer better protection than felt. They are lighter, and you often need fewer rolls than felt to cover the whole roof. They also provide an extra layer of protection against moisture and mold, and they are more durable. These materials can even self-seal around nails and staples. They are generally more expensive than felt or rubberized asphalt, but they last longer.

In some cases, you’ll need to replace the underlayment even if your roof tiles are still in good condition. This may be because the underlayment is old and worn out, or it may have been compromised by moisture or fire. For example, if your roof was built with pine or fir boards as the sheathing, the resin pockets in these woods can react chemically with some types of roof-covering materials and cause them to fail prematurely.

Roof Repairs For Shingles

A damaged roof can lead to many problems in a home. Leaking is the most common issue. It’s rare to find a hole from the outside to the inside that you can see through, but water can leak into loose seams and eventually cause everything to be damp inside.

Metal, asphalt, and cedar roofs are prone to damage from hail. This can cause dents in the shingles. If you notice any problems, contact Spring Valley Roofing professional right away to fix them before they worsen.

roof repairShingles 

As one of the most noticeable elements of any roof, shingles are susceptible to a variety of issues that can affect the integrity and appearance of your roof. If left unchecked, these problems can lead to leaks and other significant issues that should be addressed as soon as possible. The good news is that the repair materials and tools you need to fix shingle damage are readily available at home improvement stores. With a little time and effort, you can repair yourself and save money that would have been spent on a professional roofer.

The most common shingle problem is granule loss, where the small bits of crushed rock added to a shingle for color and protection begin to fall off the shingle. This can be caused by the shingle becoming loose from wind, hail, or other weather-related factors. If granules are losing at a rate that is noticeable and widespread, a roof inspection should be performed to see what the underlying cause might be.

Another issue that is commonly encountered with shingle roofing systems is the need to replace a missing shingle. This can be a fairly simple task, but there are some important things to remember when doing so. First, it is important to be sure that you are removing the correct nail size from the surrounding shingles when you remove the damaged shingle. This will ensure that the new shingle is properly secured. Also, it is very important to never “face nail” a shingle, meaning that the nails are not covered by the shingle above it. This creates an exposed nail that will eventually deteriorate and cause further damage to your roof structure.

Lastly, it is important to try to match the color of the replacement shingle with the existing shingles when doing a shingle repair. A mismatched shingle will look patchy and unsightly, so it is important to take the time to make sure that you are using a matching color to maintain the appearance of your roof.

The above tips will help you repair a few of the most common shingle-related problems that homeowners encounter with their roofs. However, if the damage to your roof is extensive or you are not comfortable climbing on a ladder to do the work yourself, contact a professional roofer. They can quickly and easily do a quality job that will keep your home protected and looking its best.

Soffit

A soffit is the lower section of the underside of an overhanging roof eave or gable. It can be solid or ventilated to allow airflow and prevent condensation. The soffit also provides protection from rain and snow, which may otherwise damage the roof structure. It can be made from wood or aluminum, but the choice depends on what’s already there, including ductwork, electrical wires, lighting, and structural supports. The soffit can also provide an attractive architectural detail to the home, adding character and beauty.

The soffit’s primary function is to keep water, moisture, and insects out of the attic and roof decking. Without soffit ventilation, the attic can become so hot and humid that the shingles and sheathing begin to degrade. A professional soffit repair expert can help prevent this by fixing cracks, leaks, and other issues.

Another function of the soffit is to protect the fascia board from mold and other problems caused by moisture build-up. The soffit and fascia are essential to a roof’s structure, so it’s important to maintain them properly. If a soffit is damaged, it’s important to hire a qualified roof repair company to replace the fascia and soffit.

Fascia boards are long vertical pieces of wood that run along the edge of a roof and under the eaves. They help to support the rafters and prevent water damage. If the fascia or soffit is rotting, it can affect the structure of the roof, leading to wood rot and pest infestation. A professional roofer can repair the fascia and soffit, as well as install new materials.

When a soffit is damaged, you should have it repaired immediately. It helps to keep moisture out of the attic, which can cause mold and mildew. It also helps to prevent ice dams from damaging the roof. The soffit is also crucial for proper attic ventilation, so it’s important to have it repaired or replaced as soon as possible.

The cost of soffit repair varies depending on the extent of the damage and whether the soffit is solid or perforated. A professional will inspect the soffit and provide an estimate based on the type of work needed. They will also take into account the materials and labor costs, as well as a contingency amount.

Flashing

Flashing is thin pieces of impervious metal that seal and protect the places where two different materials meet on a roof. It’s installed along areas of the roof where leaking might occur, such as roof edges, valleys, and where chimneys, vent pipes, skylights, or walls penetrate the roof.

It’s typically made of a durable material such as copper, aluminum, zinc alloy, or stainless steel. It may be internally or externally mounted (concealed) and is often fabricated from sheet metal bent into L-shapes.

In general, flashing prevents water from leaking into the roof assembly and then into the interior of a building. It also helps decrease the amount of rainwater that enters a structure through wall penetrations, and it may even be installed at window and door openings.

Typically, flashing is anchored to the roofing deck using screws that are made of the same material as the flashing itself. Over time, these screws can loosen or pull out of the flashing, allowing moisture to enter the home. To fix this, you’ll need to replace the damaged sections of flashing with new pieces.

Another common issue with flashing is corrosion. When repeated dripping causes the metal to corrode, it can create small holes in the flashing. These holes may be able to be patched with roofing cement, but larger gaps in the flashing require the installation of completely new sections of flashing to ensure that these areas remain watertight.

When assessing a roof’s condition, it’s important to crawl up in the attic or crawl space and examine the flashing for signs of problems. These signs include any dents or indentations on the flashing, discoloration of the ceiling near areas of the roof where the flashing is located due to trapped moisture, or a noticeable increase in exterior noises that could indicate missing portions of the flashing.

If you suspect your flashing is causing problems, hiring a professional roofer to repair it can help you save money in the long run. An experienced contractor can also offer insight into safety precautions and proper techniques for working on your particular type of roof – something that homeowners and DIYers may not be familiar with.

Insulation

Insulation is a roof repair that keeps the cold air outside in the winter and warm air inside. It’s important for reducing heating and cooling costs. It also reduces energy consumption and prevents moisture buildup in the home.

The type of insulation you choose depends on your climate and the severity of your roof problems. You can install fiberglass batt blankets, blown-in cellulose or mineral wool, or spray foam insulation. All have different R-values, which is a measure of how well the insulation blocks heat flow. You should also consider a vapor barrier to keep moisture from penetrating the insulation and causing condensation problems.

If you’re installing insulation, it’s best to hire a professional contractor to ensure proper installation and address any structural issues. It’s also a good idea to do routine maintenance checks for signs of damage or moisture. A small leak can lead to major problems over time, such as mold, rotted framing sheathing, and destroyed insulation.

A leaking roof can be tricky to diagnose, especially when water shows up at spots far from the source of the leak. One way to pinpoint the problem is to push aside the plastic vapor barriers and look for flow stains on the ceilings. Another is to examine the attic for damaged or wet drywall. If you’re not sure where a leak is coming from, call a professional to zero in on the area.

While a leak may not be an immediate health and safety concern, it’s wise to repair it as soon as possible. A roof leak left untreated can cause a host of expensive and disruptive problems, including rotted framing and sheathing, deteriorated or destroyed insulation, and stained ceilings. Leaks from damaged or missing shingles can even lead to foundation problems and mold.

The best way to avoid costly repairs is to perform regular inspections and maintenance on your roof.